Diet in early childhood

Breast milk and replacement

The most natural products in the diet of infants is breast milk. Even if after some time the child is feeded with artificial food, breast-feeding in this period of a child’s life provides the greatest benefits.

Colostrum, a light fluid that is released before the appearance of the milk,  rich  with antibodies  that contribute to a weak immune system of a newborn baby, and also provides normal formation of intestine  flora.

After that, the milk becomes thicker and makes the child all the substances necessary for growth, development and protection within the next six months. Breast milk is easiest to digest, contains all the necessary proteins, vitamins and minerals necessary for the healthy development of the child’s body, and also contains substances that promote absorption and general metabolism.

Fats contained in breast milk represent  an easily digestible fat. This  fats, are  so necessary for the development of complex structures of the nervous system of the child, and especially the membranes of the brain.

Artificially milk can be an adequate substitute for breast milk, but there is something so unique in natural breast milk. Here’s the thing: when the baby starts sucking, the milk is richer in water, while with breastfeeding, is enriched in proteins and fats. Thus satisfy two needs of the kid: first quench thirst, and then a small body satisfy his appetite.

For those who are willing and able to use breast milk, it represents the best nutrition, free, convenient for transmission and hygienically correct. First of all, this is a great advantage for the further development of child’s emotional bond, which is implemented this way. Dietary habits often create in the first years of life, when it is important to be satisfied all the necessary nutrients needs for healthy and strong development of the child.

Nutrition in the earliest age

The induction of new foods into child’s diet during the first year of life and the gradual replacement of dairy meals with “concrete” meals would have to keep the baby and mother away without extra stress and difficulty. In order to do so, it is above all important to follow the advice and recommendations given by the pediatrician.

Most pediatricians believe that the gradual removal of the suckling child, or the induction of new foods into daily nutrition, should start between the fourth and sixth month of the child’s life. The role of foods different from mother’s or artificial milk is that they can better satisfy all the nutritional needs of the baby, which is now in intense growth.

Replacement foods should be introduced gradually throughout the first year of life, when the child should have consumed all the meals they eat and the rest of the household. Children who are too fast and sudden to stop breastfeeding can suffer from some nutritional deficiencies because milk is much more mature than the nutritional needs of the baby at that point in relation to individual prepared or prepared meals of baby food. Another danger of sudden weaning that is actually inflicted on a child lies in sudden occurrences of food  allergies.

The first solid foods that are given to a child during the first months of his life should be easily digestible and not cause any form of hypersensitivity in the child. Pediatricians generally agree that the first rigid meal of the baby should be a rice  mixed with mother or artificial milk, and it is desirable to immediately start delivering such a prepared “meal” to a small teaspoon. After that, it continues with pasteurized fruit and vegetables (potatoes).

It should take at least six months of life to avoid those fruits and vegetables that are a potential allergen. The fruits are mainly strawberries, and vegetables are spinach and mangel  because they contain a significant amount of nitrate (In this sensitive period, it is not recommended to use honey as a sweetener).

After induction pasteurized fruit and vegetables into the baby’s diet, the meat is gradually being introduced. For starters, it is enough to apply one type of meat, best white meat or meat from the chicken wings. Meat should  be in the form of a pumpkin, well-homogenized or chopped into small pieces. It should be noted that we do not have to add a lot of salt in baby food. It is better to give the baby a completely unedged meal, because the sodium chloride required is derived from the foods themselves. Too much salt in the meal can cause dehydration in such a small child.

New foods and products bring us new tastes and gradually change our nutritions habits. It is therefore important to know the composition of these foods, to follow the latest trends, but to stick to the basic rules on health and nutritionally acceptable meals for everyone, especially for those in the most sensitive and vulnerable period of life. It certainly belongs to pregnant women, breastfeeding women and children in their first years of life.

Proper, varied and tasty nutrition is a pledge of health and vitality throughout your life.